What you need to know about Ny-Ålesund.
White Paper for Svalbard
The Norwegian Gouverment published a White paper on Svalbard in 2015. In the past, comprehensive white papers on Svalbard have been presented approximately every 10 years. The white papers have each contributed to guiding the archipelago’s development for a number of years, and the comprehensive review process has contributed to balanced development within the framework established by the Svalbard policy objectives.
Research in Svalbard (RiS) dataportal
The RiS database, which is operated by Svalbard Science Forum, contains information about 2700 science projects in and around Svalbard. While the portal is the place to book services in Ny-Ålesund and apply for permission to do field work from the Governor of Svalbard, the database also offers open access to information about projects, participating scientists, institutions and publications.
It is mandatory to register all research projects which will be carried out in Ny-Ålesund or require authorization according to the Svalbard Environmental Protection Act (application to the Governor of Svalbard) in the RiS Portal. Other research projects related to Svalbard are encouraged to register in the database.
Governor of Svalbard
Persons who will conduct research in Svalbard must familiarize themselves with all applicable regulations for Svalbard. As a general rule, most field activities in Svalbard require a permit from the Governor of Svalbard.
The Governor has compiled a Scientist Guide, which is a checklist for research planning in Svalbard. The checklist helps to find out what you have to do before fieldwork, and what kind of permissions you may need. All applications to the Governor of Svalbard must be sent through the RiS portal.
Svalbard Science Forum has also compiled a nice overview of research permissions required on Svalbard.
Svalbard Environmental Act
The Svalbard Environmental Act is a collection of updated environmental legislation for Svalbard. It deals with area protection, species management (flora and fauna), human artefacts, land use plans, pollution, waste disposal, traffic and cabins.
The Kongsfjorden and Blomstrandhamna bird reserves were established in 1973 to protect important breeding grounds for eider and geese. In 1989 a plant protection area was established on Ossian Sars fjellet in Kongsfjorden. Several rare plant species are found on Ossian Sars fjellet, and camping or other activities which might destroy the vegetation are not permitted in the area.
Ny-Ålesund (78°55’ N, 11°56’ E) in Svalbard is one of the world’s northernmost human settlements. It is a Norwegian research infrastructure, hosting national and international projects and programmes for research in natural sciences in Svalbard. Ny-Ålesund is situated in Kongsfjorden – the King’s fjord – on north-western Spitsbergen, which is the largest of the Svalbard islands. Surrounded by mountains and glaciers, which at several places stretch well out into the sea, the town lies in one of the most scenic areas of Svalbard.
Ny-Ålesund is easy to reach and has a well-developed infrastructure operated by Kings Bay AS. Kings Bay operates the flights between Longyearbyen and Ny-Ålesund, housing, meals and other services. This, combined with the unique natural surroundings, makes it an optimal base for conducting Arctic research.
Norwegian Polar Institute is a logistics provider in Svalbard and can facilitate Norwegian and international research activities in Ny-Ålesund. Please contact the station leader of Sverdrup Station if such assistance is required.
A radio silent area
Ny-Ålesund is a radio silent area, with a long-term goal to minimize the emissions of electromagnetic (radio) pollution. However, for safety, operational and scientific reasons there are emitting systems active in Ny-Ålesund today, and this cannot be avoided. Information on the use today, and procedures for I) legal communication regulation framework managed by Nkom, II) NySMACs procedures for acceptance and coordination of RF activities, and III) the local awareness/coordination are given here.
Ny-Ålesund lies within the High Arctic Climate Zone and has continuous permafrost. The mean annual temperature is -6.3°C, with -14.6°C in February and -4.9°C in July (average 1960-1990). The total annual precipitation is 370 mm (period 1975-89).
The Ny-Ålesund area consists of typical High Arctic ecosystems, with both marine and terrestrial components. It offers a variety of Arctic fjord environments, from calving glacier fronts to sandy beaches, providing superb opportunities for marine research. The terrestrial environments in the Kongsfjorden area, including several bird and plant sanctuaries, are rich in wildlife and also provide ample opportunities for research. The geology of the Kongsfjorden area is very diverse, and the area offers sites ranging from rocks and cliffs exposed to the raging Arctic seas on the tip of the Brøgger peninsula to protected coves in the inner parts of the fjord. This diversity is reflected in the vegetation, which varies from bleak ’Arctic desert’ to lush tundra and grassland communities.
Ny-Ålesund is surrounded by a variety of High Arctic ecosystems typical of Svalbard, and most of the islands’ animal and plant species are to be found in the area. Along the rim of the fjord there are densely populated bird cliffs and other rock formations and islands with breeding sea birds. Waders are particularly common in the Kongsfjorden area compared to other parts of Svalbard. The Svalbard ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus hyperboreus) is the only permanently wintering bird species in Svalbard.
The ringed seal (Phoca hispida) has important breeding and pup-rearing areas in the innermost parts of Kongsfjorden. The Svalbard reindeer (Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus) and Arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) are found in and around the town itself throughout the year, and during winter the polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is not an uncommon guest. The vegetation in the area ranges from a uniform and bleak lichen cover to lush areas further east which provide rich reindeer grazing.